Turin is a
major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital
of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River
surrounded by the Alpine arch.
The city has excellent restaurants, beautiful churches and palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks gardens art galleries and theaters.
Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile manufacturers Fiat, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics. Several International Space Station modules, such as Harmony and Columbus, were also manufactured in Turin. It was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy from 1563, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy and finally the first capital of a unified Italy.